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Capital (and largest city) Bishkek 42°52′N, 74°36′E
Official languages Kyrgyz, Russian
State power in the Kyrgyz Republic is represented and realized by:

1. President of the Kyrgyz Republic
2. Parliament (Jogorku Kenesh) of the Kyrgyz Republic
3. Executive power of the Kyrgyz Republic
a) The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic
b) Local State Administration
4. Courts and justice of the Kyrgyz Republic
a) Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic
b) Supreme Court
c) Local courts and judges of the Kyrgyz Republic

Independence from the Soviet Union
Declared 31 August 1991
Capital Bishkek
Area  
Total 199,900 km² 77,181 sq mi
Population  
2009 estimate 5,522,400
1999 census 4,896,100
Density 26/km²
67/sq mi
Currency Som (KGS)
Time zone KGT (UTC+6) Difference in time with KSA + 3 hours
Internet TLD .kg
Calling code +996
   
State symbolism  
The Flag of the Kyrgyz Republic

Was accepted on March 3, 1992 on the 8th session of Jogorku Kenesh. On March 5 the flag was solemnly hoisted to the building of the Government House.


State flag

Solid red of the flag symbolizes valor and audacity. The golden Sun that is bathing in its rays represents peace and wealth. Tunduk is a symbol of an ancestral home in a wider understanding and of the world as the universe.
State symbol

Approved by Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on January 14, 1994

The state symbol of Kyrgyzstan contains mountain eagle – Generosity and vigilance, and purity of the thoughts of Kyrgyzstany, who populate the country of mountains. Water smooth of the lake is the symbol of nature’s beauty, the source of life and energy.